Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer caused by asbestos. This disease is very similar to asbestosis, but is still very different. The treatment options for Mesothelioma are very few. The diagnostic procedures also involve the older techniques. Hence it is very important that new clinical trials are developed and people suffering from Mesothelioma get a chance of better treatment and diagnostic procedure.
What are clinical trials?
Clinical trials are a very essential and important part of research against any disease in medical field. Clinical trials help in developing and finding new treatments against any disease and help in increasing the life span of patients. Clinical trials offer research and treatment options that are still in testing phase. But, the patients get better options. One benefit is that when you are visiting a cancer hospital or a specialist there are chances that the doctor or the hospital may help you get involved in a clinical trial and you might be the lucky one to get better treatment options and opportunity. The treatment medications and the procedures used are of very high quality and are safe to use. There are various reasons why the physician may recommend being enrolled in a clinical trial. These reasons are as follows
- New treatment options
- Special treatment
- Better cure options
New treatment options
Some trials may still be undergoing research trials and may not be approved by FDA. These treatment options are available in clinical trials. Also, each and every treatment that is prevalent today has undergone clinical trial.
Patients get special care and treatment. When under clinical trial patients receive good care with proper hygiene, they get good and proper nutritive food and proper and effective treatment.
Better cure options
Since these treatments are still under approval and are not available to each and every individual, the patients that are enrolled in clinical trial get better and various options that can properly cure them.
The process in which clinical trials work
The clinical trial usually proceeds in four different phases. Before any kind of drug or treatment procedure becomes available to the public, it has to undergo a rigorous clinical trial procedure. After completing the first three phases of clinical trial, usually the FDA approval is received. The clinical trial is divided into four different phases
- Phase I
- Phase II
- Phase III
- Phase IV
In any kind of clinical trial, phase I of the trial is usually conducted on a very small group of people. This is done to study the effect, dosage and form of treatment that is to be used. For example a particular drug can be more effective in various different forms like pills, syrups, IV fluids or suppository. It also helps in determining the safety of the treatment procedure.
The phase II is more specific. It helps in determining the effectiveness of a chosen treatment option. For example in Mesothelioma patients it helps in determining how the chosen treatment option affects the organs or the area with Mesothelioma.
Phase III of clinical trial usually involves a large group of people. Some people are not given any medication and they serve as a control group for the doctors to study. The other group is given the medication and a comparative study is performed for reference.
This is the FDA approval phase. In this phase once the FDA receives satisfactory data of the clinical trial, they give approval for the drug or diagnostic procedure to be available for local public.
Who qualifies for a clinical trial?
Participating in a clinical trial is totally dependent on a patient’s wishes. The doctor gives detail information to the patient regarding the clinical and the patient has to sign a consent form to participate in a clinical trial. The patient can leave the clinical trial at any time he or she wants. The various factors that help in the consideration of patients for clinical trials are as follows
- Health of the patient
- The stage of Mesothelioma
Benefits of participating in clinical trial
The first and foremost benefit as mentioned earlier is that people get various new and different treatment options to follow. The patient safety is strictly observed during a clinical trial. Also there are many insurance agencies that cover clinical trial. This information can be achieved by speaking directly to a specialist who is familiar with the clinical trial and the insurance agency procedures.