Diagnosis of Mesothelioma
The symptoms of Mesothelioma are very common to other diseases. Hence it is advisable that if a person experiences any of the following symptoms for a prolonged period of time he or she should visit the physician immediately. These symptoms are:
- Trouble breathing or chest pain
- Effusion (fluid build up) in the lungs or the abdomen cavity
- Anemia especially in women
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weight loss
After visiting the physician will determine the diagnosis process and according to that he or she will decide whether these symptoms are of a normal disease or he should be doing further more diagnosis and then decide the treatment plan.
Diagnostic procedures for Mesothelioma
If the physician has a doubt of Mesothelioma than the following diagnostic procedures are to be followed
- Imaging tests
- Blood marker tests
Imaging tests are used to know the location of the tumor. The imaging tests include the following test procedures like
- CT scan
This test is used to obtain the two dimensional image of a human body and to study the location of tumor and fluid deposition. This can be used in the diagnosis of all three kinds of Mesothelioma.
CT scan (Computed Tomography Scan)
CT scan provides more detailed three dimensional structure of the abnormal growth found in the X-ray. This test is mainly used to diagnose pleural Mesothelioma.
PET (Positive Emision Tomography Scan)
In this test the patients are given a small quantity of radiopharmaceutical chemical. After this the PET scan is performed. This helps to study individual cancer cells with the help of radiology and hence is helpful to know the spread of cancer and to decide the stage of Mesothelioma.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
MRI helps to observe the detailed structure of the tissue and hence helps the doctor in studying the damage the tumor has done to the tissues of the nearby organs.
Blood Marker test
The doctors decide to perform the blood test inorder to know the extent of patients Mesothelioma and to better decide the treatment plan for the patient.
The doctors extract fluid or tissue from the body and perform a pathological examination of the extracted tissue or the fluid. This helps the doctor to know if there is the presence of cancer cells or not. Biopsy helps the doctor in making a conclusive decision.
These are the diagnostic procedures used by the doctors all over the world for Mesothelioma and mostly all other types of cancers.